The public bath

Matteus Bader, Egelin Bader, Erhardt Bader - these were the names of the first residents of the house and their profession gave them their name. The bather's duties included preparing the bath on fixed days, as well as preparing the guests for the bath by flogging them with bath puffs made of birch or oak leaves and dousing them with soapy water. Sitting and sweat baths were offered, comparable to our saunas today. A bather often had great medical knowledge and could carry out treatments such as massages, bloodletting, cupping or dental treatments. Hair cutting and shaving were also part of the offer. After the decline of the bathhouses in the 17th century triggered by epidemics, wars and high wood prices, a barber and later a surgeon used the house.

The municipal bath

In the High Middle Ages, a public bath was one of the basic facilities of a town, along with a mill and an inn. With the Crusades to the Orient at the end of the 11th century, the bathing culture of the Romans and Greeks was rediscovered and spread rapidly across Central Europe. In Blaubeuren there was the old bath in Aachgasse in the late Middle Ages and from 1407 the new bath on the northern church square. When it was time to bathe, the bather or his assistant went through the streets and announced this. Anyone who wanted to bathe would then leave their house, usually lightly clothed, with only a bath towel wrapped around them, as it was better to leave their clothes at home because of thieves. But the bathroom of the Middle Ages was much more than just a place of cleanliness. It was a place of conviviality, where people had a good time, where business transactions were concluded or wedding parties celebrated.

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